Maritime infrastructure is critical to the global economy, as well as national and international security. Cyber-attacks on this infrastructure can—and have—have massive consequences, both regionally and globally. The information technology (IT) and operational technology (OT) systems that operate this infrastructure are susceptible to cybersecurity threats, both malicious and unintentional. If these systems were to be compromised—as some already have been—the short- and long-term impacts can be devastating. The drive for digitalization, along with the desire for the Internet of Things (IoT) connectivity, cloud-based technologies, autonomous ships, and ports of the future, means these vulnerabilities are growing deeper and broader. These systems must meet cybersecurity requirements outlined in guidelines and directives issued by regulatory agencies and standards organizations.
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